Gedenken an die Vertreibung der Juden

Am 23. Juni 2014 hat das israelische Parlament ein Gesetz verabschiedet, das den 30. November als jährlichen landesweiten Gedenktag der Vertreibung von 850.000 Juden aus den arabischen Länder und dem Iran im 20. Jahrhundert festlegt. Juden lebten schon seit Jahrtausenden in den arabischen Ländern und viele der Gemeinden reichten in die vorislamische Zeit zurück. Mit dem Aufstieg des arabischen Nationalismus und dem Konflikt um das historische Palästina begannen die neuen arabischen Regime eine Kampagne gegen die jüdischen Bürger ihrer Länder, wobei deren Menschenrechte massiv verletzt wurden. Die einheimischen Juden wurden enteignet, es wurde ihnen die Staatsbürgerschaft entzogen, sie wurden vertrieben, eingesperrt, gefoltert und viele auch ermordet.

Die Berichte der Juden aus den arabischen Ländern unterscheiden sich je nach Land und nach Familienschicksal im Detail, doch im Kern gleichen sie sich.

Die jüdische Gemeinde im Irak bestand mehr als 2500 Jahre und war nicht nur als Wiege des Babylonischen Talmuds lange ein kulturelles Zentrum des Judentums. Diese alte Gemeinde wurde im Zuge der Staatsgründung Israels von der irakischen Regierung angegriffen, vertrieben und schließlich, nachdem es zu physischen Angriffen gekommen war, ihres Vermögens und ihres Besitzes enteignet.

Im folgenden youtube-Video erzählt Ahron Abudi von seiner Kindheit im Irak, dem Schicksal seiner Familie, dem Farhud-Pogrom und der Vertreibung und schließlich die Aufnahme seiner Familie in Israel und den Wiederaufbau einer Existenz:

Quelle:newsletter.israel.de

  1. #1 von mike hammer am 30/11/2014 - 18:23

    ein bedeutender teil der stadtbevölkerung nord afrikas bis über euphrat und tigris hinaus
    war von juden bewohnt, in bagdad z.b. 25% des volkes um 1900.
    850.000 sind geflohen, wo sind die anderen millionen?

  2. #2 von GrundGesetzWatch am 30/11/2014 - 23:08

    Dank an QQ für den Artikel.

  3. #3 von mike hammer am 30/11/2014 - 23:50

    passt sehr gut zum thema

    The misery of Jews of Morocco, 1805

    Today is Israel’s national day of commemorating Jewish refugees from Arab lands and Iran.

    Muslims like to pretend that they treated Jews in their lands well throughout history. As we have shown a number of times, that is not at all true. In some cases the Jews were treated reasonably, in others they were treated horribly.

    Ali Bey al Abbasi was a pseudonym of a European traveler who disguised himself as a Muslim prince in order to explore the Muslim world from Morocco to Mecca between 1803 and 1807.

    Here is his account of the Jews of Morocco, from Travels of Ali Bey: In Morocco, Tripoli, Cyprus, Egypt, Arabia, Syria and Turkey : Between the Years 1803 and 1807:

    THE Jews in Morocco are in the most abject state of slavery; but at Tangier it is remarkable that they live intermingled with the Moors, without having any separate quarter, which is the case in all other places where the Mahometan religion prevails. This distinction occasions perpetual disagreements; it excites disputes, in which, if the Jew is wrong, the Moor takes his own satisfaction; and if the Jew is right, he lodges a complaint with the judge, who always decides in favour of the Mussulman. This shocking partiality in the dispensation of justice between individuals of different sects begins from the cradle; so that a Mussulman child will insult and strike a Jew, whatever be his age and infirmities, without his being allowed to complain, or even to defend himself. This inequality prevails even among the children of these different religions; so that I have seen the Mahometan children amuse themselves with beating little Jews, without these daring to defend themselves.

    The Jews are obliged, by order of the Government, to wear a particular dress» composed of large drawers, of a tunic, which descends to their knees, Of a kind of burnous or cloak thrown on one side, slippers, and a very small cap; every part of their dress is black except the shirt, of which the sleeves are extremely wide, open, and hanging down very low.

    When a Jew passes before a mosque, he is obliged to take off his slippers, or sandals; he must do the same when he passes before the house of the Kaid, the Kadi, or of any Mussulman of distinction. At Fez ami in some other towns they are obliged to walk barefoot.

    When they meet a Mussulman of high rank they are obliged to turn away hastily to a certain distance on the left of the road, to leave their sandals on the ground several paces off, and to put themselves into a most humble posture, their body intirely bent forward, till the Mussulman has passed to a great distance; if they hesitate to do this, or to dismount from their horse when they meet a Mahometan, they are severely punished. I have often been obliged to restrain my soldiers or servants from beating these poor wretches, when they were not active enough in placing themselves in the humble attitude prescribed on them by the Mahometan tyranny.

    Notwithstanding these inconveniencies, the Jews carry on a considerable trade at Morocco, and have even several times farmed the custom-house; but it happens almost always that in the end they are plundered by the Moors, or by the Government. On my arrival, I had two Jews amongst my servants: when I saw that they were so ill treated and vexed in different ways, I asked them why they did not go to another country; they answered me, that they could not do so because they were slaves of the sultan.

  4. #4 von mike hammer am 30/11/2014 - 23:56

    wer sich für das schicksal der orientalischen juden unter dem ISLAM interessiert
    findet unerschöpfliches an leid, schmertz und barbarei
    der rassistischen religion des ISLAM
    gegenüber den wehrlosen
    juden dort beim englischsprachigen blog punkt ohne wiederkehr.

    Point of No Return: Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries
    http://jewishrefugees.blogspot.de/

    „Jews from Arab lands suffered – their story should be told. They weren’t just uprooted; their history was uprooted.“